When we talk about magic mushrooms, many people think in generic terms. But there are actually over 180 different species of magic mushrooms on the planet. These are grouped into 11 genus categories, each of which has a few different species to choose from.
The most common genus is the Psilocybe mushrooms, which contains 126 different species of psilocybin mushrooms. These can be found on every single continent, with the exception of Antarctica.
Despite being part of the same genus, there are many differences between the different species. Some of the most popular psilocybin mushrooms are described below.
Baeocystis is common in the Pacific Northwest areas of the U.S., where they grow on decaying mulch, logs, or peat. They have a few names, including Knobby Tops, Baeos, Blue Bell, or Bottle Cap.
The caps are small, around 15-55 mm in size. They are thin and conical in shape, with some distinctive rippling on the top which is caused by the gills beneath the cap. The coloring of the caps is also quite unique, with an olive-brown tone with some steel blue undertones mixed in as well.
The stems are quite long, which can lead to curving in some mushrooms, with coloring that could vary from white to yellow to brown.
This is one of the most common and popular psilocybin mushrooms there is. They are called Golden Teacher, Golden Tops, Hongos Kentesh, Cubies, or Mexican Mushroom, depending on where you are. P. Cubensis can be found in the U.S, Southern Asia, Central America, and South America.
These mushrooms are usually larger in size, with big caps that are usually about 20-80 mm in diameter. The caps are usually rounded at first, but flatten out as they grow, and are usually a brownish-red color, similar to cinnamon. Beneath the cap, there are closely-spaced grey gills, though they get darker as the mushroom ages, plus white or yellow stems.
As its name suggests, P. Mexicana grows in Mexico, plus in areas of Central and South America. These mushrooms come with a history since they are the same ones used by the Aztec and Mayan people thousands of years ago as part of their religious ceremonies. These people called them Teonancatle, which translates to “God’s flesh.”
The P. Mexican mushrooms have bell-shaped caps that are about 10-20 mm across, sometimes with papilla, or nipple-shaped, tops. They are light brown or beige, with blue or green undertones.
These mushrooms usually grow alone or in small groups. They can grow in humid meadows, grassy parts of the forest, or anywhere you’ll find moss.
This species of psilocybin mushrooms mostly goes by the names Liberty Bell, Liberty Caps, or Witch’s Hat. They are found in the damp, grassy fields of South Africa, India, Northern Europe, and Chile. The mushroom itself is quite small, especially when compared with some other varieties.
The caps have a distinctive shape that is similar to a bell, with a nipple-shaped top, and usually grow no larger than 25 mm in diameter. The cap’s color usually ranges from light yellow to brown, depending on how hydrated they are. There may also be some grooves on the cap, which match the shape of the gills underneath.